Today I was writing a method for the Kata gem to define the github api user. A naive first approach to this might be:
It is is pretty straightforward what this method is doing. If the github user has already been determined then return it to the caller. Otherwise check the git config or use the environment to get the user. Though straightforward it feels very clunky by referencing the instance variable each time in stepping through the logic.
A different approach would be to encapsulate the logic in a block and use memoization with the ||= operator. Using this method all of the references to the instance variable can be removed and it is more obvious what your intention is: